Toggle navigation Zoltan's dev blog. It is used to create template boxes for Vagrant. Only=virtualbox-iso windows_10.json This will create and. I down loaded centos7 from Download centos. And I store in /home/neelabh/Documents/Softwares/OS/Centos7/CentOS-7-x86_64-Minimal-1503-01.iso at my local machine. Is it possible to automate the creation of a Vagrant.box file for an OS install, from the original ISO? To me, this is a significant gap in the end-to-end automation. Using Packer, Vagrant and Boxstarter to create. Base image from an ISO file. Vagrant to launch and. File to vagrant: vagrant box add --name.
Advanced topic! This is a reasonably advanced topic that a beginning user of Vagrant does not need to understand. If you are just getting started with Vagrant, skip this and use an available box. If you are an experienced user of Vagrant and want to create your own custom boxes, this is for you.
Virtual Machine The virtual machine created in VirtualBox can use any configuration you would like, but Vagrant has some hard requirements: • The first network interface (adapter 1) must be a NAT adapter. Vagrant uses this to connect the first time. • The MAC address of the first network interface (the NAT adapter) should be noted, since you will need to put it in a Vagrantfile later as the value for config.vm.base_mac.
To get this value, use the VirtualBox GUI. Other than the above, you are free to customize the base virtual machine as you see fit. Additional Software In addition to the software that should be installed based on the, VirtualBox base boxes require some additional software. VirtualBox Guest Additions must be installed so that things such as shared folders can function. Installing guest additions also usually improves performance since the guest OS can make some optimizations by knowing it is running within VirtualBox.
Before installing the guest additions, you will need the linux kernel headers and the basic developer tools. On Ubuntu, you can easily install these like so. Wget sudo mkdir /media/VBoxGuestAdditions sudo mount -o loop,ro VBoxGuestAdditions_4.3.8.iso /media/VBoxGuestAdditions sudo sh /media/VBoxGuestAdditions/VBoxLinuxAdditions.run rm VBoxGuestAdditions_4.3.8.iso sudo umount /media/VBoxGuestAdditions sudo rmdir /media/VBoxGuestAdditions If you did not install a Desktop environment when you installed the operating system, as recommended to reduce size, the install of the VirtualBox additions should warn you about the lack of OpenGL or Window System Drivers, but you can safely ignore this.
If the commands succeed, then the guest additions are now installed! Packaging the Box Vagrant includes a simple way to package VirtualBox base boxes. Once you've installed all the software you want to install, you can run this command. $ vagrant package --base my-virtual-machine Where 'my-virtual-machine' is replaced by the name of the virtual machine in VirtualBox to package as a base box. It will take a few minutes, but after it is complete, a file 'package.box' should be in your working directory which is the new base box. At this point, you've successfully created a base box! Raw Contents This section documents the actual raw contents of the box file.
This is not as useful when creating a base box but can be useful in debugging issues if necessary. A VirtualBox base box is an archive of the resulting files of a VirtualBox virtual machine. My Mom S Best Friend. Here is an example of what is contained in such a box.
$ tree. -- Vagrantfile -- box-disk1.vmdk -- box.ovf -- metadata.json 0 directories, 4 files In addition to the files from exporting a VirtualBox VM, there is the 'metadata.json' file used by Vagrant itself. Also, there is a 'Vagrantfile.' This contains some configuration to properly set the MAC address of the NAT network device, since VirtualBox requires this to be correct in order to function properly.
If you are not using vagrant package --base above, you will have to set the config.vm.base_mac setting in this Vagrantfile to the MAC address of the NAT device without colons. When bringing up a VirtualBox backed machine, Vagrant the 'box.ovf' file found in the box contents.
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