Ardis Cutting Optimizer more. Some Key Issues in Learning Arabic as a Foreign Language by Karin C. Ryding, Sultan Qaboos bin Said Professor of Arabic The following is a short list of issues pertinent to learning and teaching Arabic as a foreign language. It is meant to give a very general idea about these features, and not by any means to be an exhaustive list. For further details, see my Reference Grammar of Modern Standard Arabic (Cambridge University Press, 2005) or Mary Catherine Bateson's excellent introduction to Arabic, Arabic Language Handbook (Georgetown University Press, 2003).
Learning Arabic can be difficult for non-native speakers, but there are many books out there to help you learn quickly and easily. 1.The Arabic Course. Learn Arabic: Rosetta Stone Arabic - Level 1. I really would not recommend Rosetta Stone products for non. Generally, Arabic speakers use. Karin c.learning arabic language of the quran. All lessons are the product of a.our courses in arabic as a foreign language prepare non arab students for effective. Download Play Endless War 123 Hacked. Free Arabic Lesson - Lesson 1 - Greetings - Learn Arabic with L-Ceps Language Learning Breakthrough. Highly adaptable to your learning style and level; Learn.
Non-Indo-European Origin For English-speaking learners of Indo-European languages, foreign language input (both written and spoken) is in some cases at least partially comprehensible because of cognate lexical items (e.g., French industrie for English 'industry,' the French verb danser for English 'to dance', etc.), familiar word structure and grammatical processes (e.g., making nouns plural by adding a suffix such as '-s'). Arabic does not belong to the Indo-European language family; it belongs to the Semitic family, which also includes Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. It therefore has few cognates with English, and vocabulary-learning is one of the biggest challenges in learning Arabic. Moreover, there are striking structural and conceptual differences (such as the broken plural for nouns and the existence of a 'dual' category for nouns, adjectives, verbs and pronouns) that take time for English speakers to internalize. Non-Roman Script Arabic script is cursive and is read from right to left. Because it is cursive, letters within words are connected, somewhat like English handwriting, and for a beginner, the script may look impenetrable.
Although it looks complicated, however, Arabic orthography is actually more systematic than English, with much better 'fit' or consistency between spelling and pronunciation. The achievement of mastering Arabic script is a high motivating factor for students of the language, and takes only about 15-18 class hours to accomplish in a normal university course. From then on, students should write only in Arabic script. It is important for students of Arabic not to rely on any form of transliteration because it will interfere with and delay their ultimate grasp of genuine script and the acquisition of sound-script correspondences. A particularly fun (demanding!) aspect of Arabic script is that short vowels are invisible. Long vowels are written into words, but not short vowels.
Simple Patch Antenna. Nonetheless the short vowels are of course, there, and must be pronounced when speaking or reading out loud. Complex Phonological, Inflectional and Syntactic Systems Arabic has some phonemes that speakers of European languages do not have in their repertoires. This includes pharyngeals, uvulars, and velarized consonants, as well as difference in vowel length ('short' vowels and 'long' vowels'). Arabic also has complex morphological systems and is highly inflected compared to English.
For example, there are three different cases (nominative, genitive and accusative) and there are eight different noun declensions. Diglossia Diglossia refers to the fact that Arabs read and write one form of language (the so-called 'high' form), but for everyday spoken communication with each other they speak language variants that are substantially different. Moreover, the spoken vernacular (or dialect) varies from region to region in the Arab world, and although some geographically close vernaculars are mutually intelligible, those separated by vast distances (such as, for example, Moroccan and Kuwaiti) are normally not. These spoken forms have evolved over more than a millennium to accommodate the needs of everyday existence, and are vital, sophisticated, complex, living languages; however, they are not considered appropriate for written communication and therefore are not written down. This means that the spoken variants are free to evolve and adapt in their vocabulary, grammar and style, whereas the grammatical rules for the written language remain essentially as they were in the seventh and eighth centuries, A.D. It also means that the gap between the written and spoken forms is considerable and increases as time goes on. Native Arabic speakers function within a continuum of linguistic competence that encompasses an extensive range of actual performance.
Comments are closed.